HTML5 is more comprehensive and simpler to use than HTML4 It has a lot of new tags, such as <header>, <footer>, <navy>, <Audio>, <video>, <main> etc. HTML5 was developed to enhance user experience WWW experience for both developers as well as users. While HTML doesn’t allow support for Video and Audio data. HTML5 represents that it is the 5th version of HTML and also the latest. It’s introduced in 2008 by two separate groups: the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG).
- HTML Doctype declarations are very long while DOCTYPE declaration in HTML5 is much more straightforward.
- HTML is not mobile-friendly, however, HTML5 is mobile-friendly.
- It is difficult to find the precise location of an individual who is browsing any website using HTML however the Geolocation API for JS in HTML5 lets you determine the exact location of the person visiting any website.
There are many differences between HTML and HTML5 which are detailed below:
|HTML have many risks while updates and do not have any declare type of the page to set it as an HTML4.||HTML5 does have risks like constant updates, it is generally easy to keep up with the updates because of the simpler syntax.|
|It was unable to support multimedia such as audio and video without Flash player support.||It supports multimedia such as audio and video controls with the use of <audio> and <video> tags.|
|Vector graphics was used in HTML with the help of various technologies such as VML, Flash, Silverlight etc.||Vector graphics now is an integral part of HTML 5 such as canvas and svg.|
|It does not allow drag and drop effects.||It allows drag and drop effects.|
|It was not possible to draw geometric designs like rectangles, circles, circles or triangle, for example.||HTML5 allows to draw shapes like circle, rectangle, triangle etc.|
|It works with all old browsers.||It supported by all new browser like Firefox, Mozilla, Chrome, Safari, etc.|
|Older version of HTML are less responsive.||HTML5 language is more responsive.|
|Doctype declaration is too long and complicated.||Doctype declaration is quite simple and easy.|
|Elements like nav, header, section were not present.||New element for web structure like nav, header, footer, tbody etc.|
|Character encoding is long and complicated.||Character encoding is simple and easy.|
|It is almost impossible to get true GeoLocation of user with the help of browser.||One can track the GeoLocation of a user easily by using JS GeoLocation API.|
|It can not handle inaccurate syntax.||It is capable of handling inaccurate syntax.|
|Attributes like charset, async and ping are absent in HTML.||Attributes of charset, async and ping are a part of HTML 5.|
|Web Socket is not available.||You can establish full-duplex communication channels with a server using Web Sockets.|
Difference between Structure of HTML & HTML5
Structure of HTML
<html> <head> <title>TECHNO BRAINZ HOME</title> </head> <body> <h1>HTML Tutorials</h1> <p>Paragraph</p> </body> </html>
Structure of HTML5
<!doctype html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> <title>HTML5 Title</title> <meta name="description" content=" HTML5 Title"> // Meta tags are used for SEO <meta name="author" content="TechnoBrainz"> </head> <body> <script src="js/scripts.js"></script> // JS is allowed </body> </html>
Disadvantages of HTML5
- It requires modern browsers to access it.
- As supports media it may lead to media licensing.
- Multiple device responsiveness can be a headache.
- The HTML5 language is still on working for its next edition.
- There are no good IDEs that are available in HTML5.
Which is better: HTML or HTML5?
As we’ll see in this article HTML5 has additional capabilities and features in comparison to HTML and since it’s the latest version of HTML therefore, it is recommended to utilize HTML5 for speedy and easy implementation as compared to HTML
Why do we use HTML5 instead of HTML?
Here are a few reasons we prefer HTML5 rather than HTML. HTML5 offers more options in relation to HTML like audio and video using tags drag and drop features geolocation, browser support and many more.